Night Lights 2012 - Flat map
acquired April 18 - October 23, 2012 download large image (776 KB, JPEG, 3600x1800)
acquired April 18, 2012 download GeoTIFF file (3 MB, TIFF, 3600x1800)
acquired April 18, 2012 download large image (7 MB, JPEG, 13500x6750)
acquired April 18, 2012 download GeoTIFF file (39 MB, TIFF, 13500x6750)
acquired April 18, 2012 download large image (9 MB, JPEG, 13500x13500)
acquired April 18, 2012 download GeoTIFF file (70 MB, TIFF, 13500x13500)
acquired April 18, 2012 download large image (2 MB, JPEG, 13500x13500)
acquired April 18, 2012 download GeoTIFF file (9 MB, TIFF, 13500x13500)
acquired April 18, 2012 download large image (10 MB, JPEG, 13500x13500)
acquired April 18, 2012 download GeoTIFF file (69 MB, TIFF, 13500x13500)
acquired April 18, 2012 download large image (7 MB, JPEG, 13500x13500)
acquired April 18, 2012 download GeoTIFF file (47 MB, TIFF, 13500x13500)
acquired April 18, 2012 download large image (22 MB, JPEG, 13500x13500)
acquired April 18, 2012 download GeoTIFF file (151 MB, TIFF, 13500x13500)
acquired April 18, 2012 download large image (4 MB, JPEG, 13500x13500)
acquired April 18, 2012 download GeoTIFF file (31 MB, TIFF, 13500x13500)
acquired April 18, 2012 download large image (12 MB, JPEG, 13500x13500)
acquired April 18, 2012 download GeoTIFF file (87 MB, TIFF, 13500x13500)
acquired April 18, 2012 download large image (5 MB, JPEG, 13500x13500)
acquired April 18, 2012 download GeoTIFF file (38 MB, TIFF, 13500x13500)
acquired April 18, 2012 download GeoTIFF file (384 MB, TIFF, 54000x27000)
  download Google Earth file (KML)

This new image of the Earth at night is a composite assembled from data acquired by the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (Suomi NPP) satellite over nine days in April 2012 and thirteen days in October 2012. It took 312 orbits and 2.5 terabytes of data to get a clear shot of every parcel of Earth’s land surface and islands.

The nighttime view of Earth was made possible by the “day-night band” of the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite. VIIRS detects light in a range of wavelengths from green to near-infrared and uses filtering techniques to observe dim signals such as gas flares, auroras, wildfires, city lights, and reflected moonlight.

Away from the cities, much of the nightlight observed by Suomi NPP is wildfire. In other places, fishing boats, gas flares, lightning, oil drilling, or mining operations can show up as points of light. The number of rural lights is also a function of composite imaging. Fires and other lighting could have been detected on any one day and integrated into the composite picture even though they were temporary. That seems to be the case in central and western Australia, where many lights appear in this map. Different areas burned with wildfire at different times that the satellite passed over, giving the impression (in the composite view) that the entire area was lit up at once.

Named for satellite meteorology pioneer Verner Suomi, NPP flies over any given point on Earth’s surface twice each day at roughly 1:30 a.m. and 1:30 p.m. The spacecraft flies 824 kilometers (512 miles) above the surface in a polar orbit, circling the planet about 14 times a day. Suomi NPP sends its data once per orbit to a ground station in Svalbard, Norway, and continuously to local direct broadcast users distributed around the world. The mission is managed by NASA with operational support from NOAA and its Joint Polar Satellite System, which manages the satellite's ground system.

Learn more about the VIIRS day-night band and nighttime imaging of Earth in our new feature story: Out of the Blue and Into the Black.

NASA Earth Observatory image by Robert Simmon, using Suomi NPP VIIRS data provided courtesy of Chris Elvidge (NOAA National Geophysical Data Center). Suomi NPP is the result of a partnership between NASA, NOAA, and the Department of Defense. Caption by Mike Carlowicz.

Instrument(s): 
Suomi NPP - VIIRS

Night Lights 2012 - Flat map

More in this Event (view all)
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Auroras light up the Antarctic night Mustang Complex Fires in Idaho Marine Layer Clouds off the California Coast Night Lights 2012 - Flat map City Lights of the Americas City Lights of Asia and Australia City Lights of Africa, Europe, and the Middle East Korea and the Yellow Sea City Lights of the United States 2012 Night Lights 2012 - The Black Marble City Lights Illuminate the Nile Gas Drilling, North Dakota Waves in Airglow City Lights of South America’s Atlantic Coast Monitoring the Arctic during Polar Darkness Moon Phases Over the Persian Gulf Old Night Vision Meets New City Lights of Australia, or Not
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